Blood pressure in the vessels allows you to effectively pump blood to distant parts of the body, providing a constant supply of oxygen to cells. Changes in blood pressure are considered a pathology, requires immediate intervention and restoration of the prescribed indicators. High blood pressure can be considered a real time clock bomb embedded in the patient’s body. The risk of strokes and heart attacks that can lead to disability or death increases many times. Patients suffering from hypertension, the pressure should be constantly monitored, keeping it within the prescribed norms. To achieve this goal, a number of drugs are used that normalize blood pressure indicators:
- Beta-blockers. They block the adrenergic receptors of the heart muscle, leading to its calming, making the rhythm of contraction more even;
- Calcium antagonists. The drugs of this group block the penetration of calcium preparations into the heart muscle and blood vessels, which leads to their relaxation, followed by a decrease in blood pressure to the established by the body norms;
- Vinodilators nitrates. Allow to remove excessive tension of the walls of blood vessels;
- ACE inhibitor. These drugs block the action of the blood hormone angiotensin, which is responsible for vasoconstriction;
- Diuretics. Elimination of excess fluid from the body can quickly lead to the normalization of blood pressure, reducing the load on the heart. Diuretics also contribute to the preservation of potassium in the body (an important mineral component for the normal functioning of the heart muscle).
For whom is it important to buy drugs that normalize blood pressure?
The reason for the increase in blood pressure may be diseases of the heart, liver, kidneys and blood vessels. When choosing a drug for the treatment of hypertension, it is advisable to use it in combination with a therapeutic effect on the root cause of the disease. Otherwise, the drugs will be directed to the short-term relief of symptoms. If the patient suffers from high blood pressure by more than 20% of the norm, he needs to have a medication with him that is able to quickly and effectively reduce the pressure to normal levels. Most drugs are available in tablet form, which simplifies their administration.
Possible complications of high blood pressure
The first serious complication of the patient's condition can be a hypertensive crisis, which manifests itself in an increase in intravascular pressure to critical values. At the time of crisis, the pressure on the walls of the vessels increases two or more times, which can provoke a rupture of the vessel wall with a subsequent stroke or heart attack. The degree of danger of such a complication depends on the size of the vessel, which can lead to disability or death of the patient. Treatment of hypertensive crisis is carried out using intravenous administration of drugs. It is impossible to cure high blood pressure with just one “universal” tablet, and most drugs are aimed only at a short-term elimination of existing symptoms and do not solve the existing problem in the complex. The correct choice of drugs that normalize blood pressure, as well as the treatment of hypertension, is the sole responsibility of the attending physician, who will be able to choose the best option for therapy, comprehensively approaching the solution of the problems encountered in the patient's body.